stand1 W1S1 [stænd] v past tense and past participle stood [stud]
1¦(be on feet)¦
4¦(in a particular position)¦
5¦(in a state/condition)¦
6¦(not like)¦
7¦(accept a situation)¦
8¦(be good enough)¦
9 stand to do something
10¦(not move)¦
16 if you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen
17 somebody/something could stand something
18 I stand corrected
19 where somebody stands
20 from where I stand
21 know where you stand (with somebody)
22 stand to attention
23 stand on your head/hands
24 stand in line
25 stand firm/stand fast
26 stand pat
27 stand alone
28 stand still
29 stand a chance/hope (of doing something)
30 stand in somebody's way
31 stand on your own (two) feet
32 it stands to reason (that)
33 stand or fall by/on something
35 stand guard (over somebody/something)
36 stand bail
37 stand trial
38 stand accused (of something)
39 stand tall
40 somebody can do something standing on their head
41 be stood on its head
42 not stand on ceremony
43 stand somebody a drink/meal etc
Phrasal verbs
 stand against somebody/something
 stand around
 stand by
 stand down
 stand for something
 stand in
 stand out
 stand out against something
 stand over somebody
 stand to
 stand up
 stand up for somebody/something
 stand up to somebody/something
[: Old English; Origin: standan]
1.) ¦(BE ON FEET)¦ also be standing up
to support yourself on your feet or be in an upright position
It looks like we'll have to stand - there are no seats left.
She stood in the doorway.
Stand still (=do not move) and listen to me.
Don't just stand there (=stand and not do anything) - help me!
stand on tiptoe/stand on your toes
(=support yourself on your toes)
If he stood on tiptoe, he could reach the shelf.
stand (somewhere) doing sth
They just stood there laughing.
We stood watching the rain fall.
2.) ¦(RISE)¦ [i]also stand up
to rise to an upright position
Smiling, she stood and closed the blinds.
3.) ¦(STEP)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
a) to step a short distance
stand back/aside
She stood back to let him in.
stand clear of sth
[i]BrE (=step away from something in order to be safe)
Stand clear of the doors, please.
b) BrE to accidentally step on or in something
stand on/in
Don't stand in that puddle!
4.) ¦(IN A PARTICULAR POSITION)¦ [I,T usually + adverb/preposition]
to be upright in a particular position, or to put something or someone somewhere in an upright position
A lamp stood on the table.
Near the railway station stood a hotel.
Some remains of the original house still stand.
stand sth on/in etc sth
Can you stand that pole in the corner for now?
I closed the lid and stood the case against the wall.
stand sb (up) on sth
Stand Molly up on a chair so she can see.
5.) ¦(IN A STATE/CONDITION)¦ [linking verb]
to be or stay in a particular state or condition
The kitchen door stood open so she went in.
stand empty/idle
(=not being used)
scores of derelict houses standing empty
I'm not too thrilled with the way things stand (=the state that the situation is in) at the moment.
The evidence as it stands (=as it is now) cannot be conclusive.
where/how do things stand?
(=used to ask what is happening in a situation)
Where do things stand in terms of the budget?
I will know within the next month or two how I stand (=what my situation is) .
stand united/divided
(=agree or disagree completely)
He urged the whole community to stand united and to reject terrorism.
stand prepared/ready to do sth
(=be prepared to do something whenever it is necessary)
We should stand ready to do what is necessary to guarantee the peace.
countries that have stood together (=stayed united) in times of crisis
stand in awe of sb
(=admire them, be afraid of them, or both)
6.) ¦(NOT LIKE)¦
can't stand
spoken used to say that you do not like someone or something at all, or that you think that something is extremely unpleasant
= ↑can't bear
I can't stand bad manners.
I know he can't stand the sight of me.
can't stand (sb/sth) doing sth
Lily can't stand working in an office.
I can't stand people smoking around me when I'm eating.
can't stand to do sth
She can't stand to hear them arguing.
7.) ¦(ACCEPT A SITUATION)¦ [T usually in questions and negatives]
to be able to accept or deal well with a difficult situation
= ↑tolerate can/could stand sth
I couldn't stand the thought of leaving Danielle.
I've had about as much as I can stand of your arguing!
I don't know if I can stand the waiting any longer.
can stand sb doing sth
How can you stand Marty coming home late all the time?
She's a strong woman who stands no nonsense from anyone.
8.) ¦(BE GOOD ENOUGH)¦ [T]
to be good or strong enough to last a long time or to experience a particular situation without being harmed, damaged, etc
Linen can stand very high temperatures.
His poetry will stand the test of time (=stay popular) .
9.) stand to do sth
to be likely to do or have something
stand to gain/lose/win/make
What do firms think they stand to gain by merging?
After the oil spill, thousands of fishermen stand to lose their livelihoods.
10.)¦(NOT MOVE)¦
to stay in a particular place without moving
The car's been standing in the garage for weeks.
The mixture was left to stand at room temperature for 15 minutes.
The train was already standing at the platform.
11.) ¦(HEIGHT)¦ [linking verb] [i]formal
to be a particular height
The trophy stands 5 feet high .
John stood 6 feet tall .
12.) ¦(LEVEL/AMOUNT)¦ [linking verb]
to be at a particular level or amount
stand at
His former workforce of 1,300 now stands at 220.
Illiteracy rates are still thought to stand above 50 percent.
13.) ¦(RANK/POSITION)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to have a particular rank or position when compared with similar things or people
= ↑rank
The president stands high in the public opinion polls.
How do their sales stand in relation to those of similar firms?
His book could stand alongside the best.
14.) ¦(ELECTION)¦
[i]BrE to try to become elected to a council, parliament etc
American Equivalent: runstand for
She announced her intention to stand for Parliament.
15.) ¦(DECISION/OFFER)¦ [I not in progressive]
if a decision, offer etc stands, it continues to exist, be correct, or be ↑valid
Despite protests, the official decision stood.
My offer of help still stands.
16.) if you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen
used to tell someone that they should leave a job or situation if they cannot deal with its difficulties
17.) sb/sth could stand sth
used to say very directly that it would be a good idea for someone to do something or for something to happen
His smile exposed teeth that could stand a good scrubbing.
sb could stand to do sth
My doctor told me I could stand to lose a few pounds.
18.) I stand corrected
spoken formal used to admit that your opinion or something that you just said was wrong
19.) where sb stands
someone's opinion about something
where somebody stands on
We still do not know where he stands on the matter.
You must decide where you stand.
20.) from where I stand
spoken according to what I know or feel
I knew from where I stood that the stocks were practically worthless.
21.) know where you stand (with sb)
to know how someone feels about you, or what you are allowed to do in a particular situation
At least we know where we stand with Steven now.
I'd like to know where I stand.
It helps to know where you stand legally.
22.) stand to attention
BrE stand at attention AmE
if soldiers stand to attention, they stand very straight and stiff to show respect
23.) stand on your head/hands
to support yourself on your head or hands, with your feet in the air
24.) stand in line
AmE to wait in a line of people until it is your turn to do something
British Equivalent: queue
Customers stood in line for 20 minutes at the cash register.
25.) stand firm/stand fast
a) to refuse to be forced to move backwards
She stood firm, blocking the entrance.
b) to refuse to change your opinions, intentions, or behaviour
The government continued to stand firm and no concessions were made.
stand firm/stand fast on/against
He stands firm on his convictions.
26.) stand pat
AmE to refuse to change a decision, plan etc
stand pat on
Harry's standing pat on his decision to fire Janice.
27.) stand alone
a) to continue to do something alone, without help from anyone else
Some of the Pacific islands are too small to stand alone as independent states.
b) to be much better than anything or anyone else
For sheer entertainment value, Kelly stood alone.
28.) stand still
to not change or progress at all, even though time has passed
No industry can stand still.
Time seems to have stood still in this lovely hotel.
29.) stand a chance/hope (of doing sth)
to be likely to be able to do something or to succeed
You'll stand a better chance of getting a job with a degree.
Maybe their relationship had never really stood a chance.
30.) stand in sb's way also stand in the way
to prevent someone from doing something
I always encouraged Brian. I didn't want to stand in his way.
You can't stand in the way of progress!
31.) stand on your own (two) feet
to be able to do what you need to do, earn your own money, etc without help from others
She's never learned to stand on her own feet.
32.) it stands to reason (that)
used to say that something should be completely clear to anyone who is sensible
It stands to reason that you cannot find the right person to do a job unless you know exactly what that job is.
33.) stand or fall by/on sth
to depend on something for success
The case against him will stand or fall on its own merits.
34.) ¦(LIQUID)¦
a liquid that stands does not flow or is not made to move
standing pools of marsh water
35.) stand guard (over sb/sth)
to watch someone or something so that they do not do anything wrong or so that nothing bad happens to them
Soldiers stand guard on street corners.
You must stand guard over him at all times.
36.) stand bail
[i]BrE to promise to pay money if someone does not return to a court of law to be judged
37.) stand trial
to be brought to a court of law to have your case examined and judged
stand trial for/on
Gresham will stand trial for murder.
The accused was ordered to stand trial on a number of charges.
38.) stand accused (of sth)
a) to be the person in a court of law who is being judged for a crime
The former president stands accused of lying to the nation's parliament.
b) if you stand accused of doing something bad or wrong, other people say that you have done it
The radio station stands accused of racism.
39.) stand tall
a) to stand with your back straight and your head raised
Stand tall with your feet comfortably apart.
b) AmE to be proud and feel ready to deal with anything
We will stand tall and fight for issues of concern to our community.
40.) sb can do sth standing on their head informal
used to say that someone is able to do something easily
This is basic stuff. I can do it standing on my head.
41.) be stood on its head
if something is stood on its head, it becomes the opposite of what it was before
One area of the business which has been stood on its head is internal communications.
42.) not stand on ceremony
BrE to not worry about the formal rules of polite behaviour
Come on, Mal, don't stand on ceremony here at home.
43.) stand sb a drink/meal etc
BrE to pay for something as a gift to someone
Come on, Jack, I'll stand you a drink if you like.
make sb's hair stand on end athair
leave sb/sth standing atleave1 (15)
not have a leg to stand on atleg1 (7)
stand/serve/hold sb in good stead atstead
stand your ground atground1 (7)
stand against / [stand against sb/sth] phr v
to oppose a person, organization, plan, decision etc
She hadn't the strength to stand against her aunt's demands.
There are only a hundred of them standing against an army of 42,000 troops.
stand around phr v
to stand somewhere and not do anything
We stood around saying goodbye for a while.
stand by phr v
1.) to not do anything to help someone or prevent something from happening
I'm not going to stand by and see her hurt.
2.) stand by sth
to keep a promise, agreement etc, or to say that something is still true
I stand by what I said earlier.
He stood by his convictions.
3.) stand by sb
to stay loyal to someone and support them, especially in a difficult situation
His wife stood by him during his years in prison.
4.) to be ready to do something if necessary
Rescue crews were standing by in case of a breakdown.
stand by for
Stand by for our Christmas competition.
stand by to do sth
Police stood by to arrest any violent fans.
stand down phr v
1.) to agree to leave your position or to stop trying to be elected, so that someone else can have a chance
American Equivalent: step downstand down as
He was obliged to stand down as a Parliamentary candidate.
2.) to leave the ↑witness box in a court of law
3.) stand (sb) down
if a soldier stands down or is stood down, he stops working for the day
stand for [stand for sth] phr v
1.) if a letter or symbol stands for something, it represents a word or idea, especially as a short form
What does ATM stand for?
2.) to support a particular set of ideas, values, or principles
It's hard to tell what the party stands for these days.
3.) not stand for sth
BrE to not allow something to continue to happen or someone to do something
She's been lying about me, and I won't stand for it.
stand in phr v
to temporarily do someone else's job or take their place
→↑stand-in stand in for
Would you mind standing in for me for a while?
stand out phr v
1.) to be very easy to see or notice
The outlines of rooftops and chimneys stood out against the pale sky.
She always stood out in a crowd .
I am sure illnesses stand out in all childhood memories.
2.) to be much better than other similar people or things
→↑standout stand out as
That day still stands out as the greatest day in my life.
stand out from/among/above
Three of the cars we tested stood out among the rest.
3.) to rise up from a surface
The veins stood out on his throat and temples.
stand out against [stand out against sth] phr v
to be strongly opposed to an idea, plan etc
We must stand out against bigotry.
stand over [stand over sb] phr v
to stand very close behind someone and watch as they work to make sure they do nothing wrong
I can't concentrate with him standing over me like that.
stand to phr v
to order a soldier to move into a position so that they are ready for action, or to move into this position
stand sb<=>to
The men have been stood to.
stand up phr v
1.) to be on your feet or to rise to your feet
I've been standing up all day.
Stand up straight and don't slouch!
Jim stood up stiffly.
2.) [always + adverb/preposition]
to stay healthy or in good condition in a difficult environment or after a lot of hard use
stand up to
Most of the plants stood up well to the heat.
3.) to be proved to be true, correct, useful etc when tested
stand up to/under
The memoirs stand up well to cross-checking with other records.
Without a witness, the charges will never stand up in court (=be successfully proved in a court of law) .
4.) stand sb up informal
to not meet someone who you have arranged to meet
I was supposed to go to a concert with Kyle on Friday, but he stood me up.
5.) stand up and be counted
to make it very clear what you think about something when this is dangerous or might cause trouble for you
stand up for / [stand up for sb/sth] phr v
to support or defend a person or idea when they are being attacked
It's time we stood up for our rights.
Silvia is capable of standing up for herself.
stand up to / [stand up to sb/sth] phr v
to refuse to accept unfair treatment from a person or organization
He'll respect you more if you stand up to him.
Cliff couldn't stand up to bullying.
stand 2
stand2 n
saddle, ↑stand
1¦(for support)¦
2¦(for selling)¦
5 the stands
6 the stand
a piece of furniture or equipment used to hold or support something
a music stand
a cake stand
He adjusted the microphone stand.
coat stand/hat stand
(=for hanging coats or hats on)
a table or small structure used for selling or showing things
British Equivalent: stall
a hotdog stand
an exhibition stand
The shop was crowded with display stands and boxes.
One week three magazines hit the stands (=became available to buy) with Peace Corps stories.
3.) ¦(OPINION/ATTITUDE)¦ [usually singular]
a position or opinion that you state firmly and publicly
stand on
the Republicans' conservative stand on social and environmental issues
She was accused of not taking a stand on feminism or civil rights.
a strong effort to defend yourself or to oppose something
take/make/mount a stand (against sth)
We have to take a stand against racism.
5.) the stands [plural] also stand BrE
a building where people stand or sit to watch the game at a sports ground
In the stands, fifty of Jess's friends and family have come to watch her last game.
6.) the stand
Will the next witness please take the stand (=go into the witness box) ?
7.) ¦(CRICKET)¦
the period of time in which two batsmen are playing together in a game of ↑cricket, or the points that they get during this time
a place where taxis or buses stop and wait for passengers
There's a taxi stand on Glen Road.
9.) ¦(TREES)¦
a group of trees of one type growing close together
stand of
a stand of eucalyptus trees

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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